When it comes to womens reproductive health, there are a lot of questions that can be asked. If you have a question it’s always best to see a doctor and ask him or her in person. After all, they went to school for years to specialize in the subject, it’d be a shame if they never got to utilize their skills. Besides going to a womens health specialist, your best bet is to get online, head to a library or even ask your friends. Usually, a poll of ten or so female friends can tell you if something is normal or an issue you should be concerned about. If you get online, you can go to different web doctor sites that can give you lists of symptoms and pair you up with the health issue that is most likely what you’re currently dealing with. If there’s no specific problem that you’re worried about, and you just want to know more about womens reproductive health, you can try using a forum. Forums are great because they are completely anonymous. You can post whatever you’d like or just sit and read what everyone else has written without having to wonder whether somebody you’re talking to knows you. On the other hand, since you don’t know who is posting, you can never be sure if you’re really getting a doctor’s advice or just the ramblings of an unemployed loser. There are a lot of fantastic books pertaining to womens reproductive health that you can use as resources. All you need to do is go to the library or book store and you’ll find hundreds of books by about as many authors on the subject matter. They can walk you through everything you need to know about womens reproductive health, and can serve as excellent guides.
Vitamins, minerals and other nutrients are essential to the development and performance of the human reproductive system. Nutrition also plays a role in the development and maturation of the reproductive system through childhood and adolescence, and can affect the endocrine system, which regulates the hormones that rule the functions of the reproductive system. Nutrition can affect fertility and fetal development, as well. Striving each day to consume the standard recommended daily intake levels of the vitamins, minerals and other nutrients that the body needs is an important part of the good health and proper functioning of the reproductive system. The nutrients that a child consumes while growing up can affect the developing reproductive system. Zinc, for example, is essential to the development of the reproductive organs themselves. A deficiency in zinc can result in significantly delayed sexual maturation. Zinc also serves in the regulation of male hormones and has a role in prostate functions and sperm production. Iodine helps to regulate thyroid function, which in turn helps to regulate growth and body weight. Body weight has to do with the onset of puberty, which will not begin until the appropriate threshold of body weight and fat has been crossed. The endocrine glands secrete hormones, and hormones are essential to the functioning of the reproductive system. Thus, endocrine gland health is a precursor to mature reproductive functioning and health. While several nutrients are directly associated with the production of hormones, like manganese, which serves to maintain the production of sex hormones, many others act as cofactors to a variety of complicated chemical reactions that carry out the tasks of the reproductive system. Proper nutrition is essential in fetal development, as well. Folic acid, for example, can serve to prevent serious birth defects by reducing the incidence of neural tube defects, such as the type that cause spinal bifida. However, this defect occurs so early in fetal development that at the point at which it occurs, the woman has yet to find out that she is pregnant. Therefore, it is best for any woman of childbearing age to be especially careful to get enough folic acid each day. The vitamins that make up the Vitamin B complex have a primary role in red blood cell production. The developing fetus gets all nourishment and oxygen via the mother’s blood stream. Therefore, making sure to keep red blood cell production up to par is important to the reproductive system, particularly during pregnancy. The nutrients received by the developing fetus will affect every aspect of his or her being. Proper nutrition is essential to each part and every stage of the reproductive system, from development to maturation to the creation and nurturing of new life. It can be difficult, particularly at the rapid pace of life today, to get the full amount of each and every vitamin, mineral and other nutrient that serves to support the reproductive system. However, nutritional supplements can offer a safe and reliable way to achieve your dietary goals, when used with care and attention to standard dosage amounts. It is important to remember that too much can be as damaging as too little.
Women’s Reproductive Health: What You Should Know This article addresses some of the key issues regarding women’s reproductive health. A careful reading of this material could make a big difference in how you think about women’s reproductive health. Women’s reproductive health, though often neglected, is very important to a woman’s health, especially as it relates to child bearing and women need to acquire a good understanding of their reproductive system so that in turn they will realize just how important their reproductive organs really are. A woman seeking a better perspective concerning women’s reproductive health should also understand how her hormones in addition to her organs come together to develop a monthly cycle. Women’s reproductive health is also subject to the right nutrition due to the fact that the food they consume will affect and influence their reproductive system’s functioning. Understanding The Relationship Of Hormones and Organs A woman may frequently experience abnormal changes in her body and this has an immediate impact on their menstrual cycle and can cause difficulties in becoming pregnant. To maintain the health and consistency of a woman’s reproductive system, women need to schedule routine Pap test. A Pap smear test that may appear to be abnormal often causes anxiety and concern among women even though it is not necessarily a sign of cancer or the risk of developing it in the future. Given the fact that cervical cancer is the second most common cancer other than breast cancer, taking a Pap smear test is essential as it significantly aides in properly identifying early warning signs of possible cancer and also contributes to stopping further growth of cervical cancer. Cancer has a devastating impact on women’s reproductive health and aside from cervical cancer; women will likely have to be very concerned with ovarian cancer or uterine cancer. In addition, she may also develop ovarian cysts, chronic pelvic pain as well as fibroids. Now that we’ve covered some of the core essentials of women’s reproductive health, let’s turn to some of the other factors that need to be considered. We need to also keep in mind that women’s reproductive health isn’t only focused on the pelvic region because even the breasts are an important part of women’s reproductive health which enables women to breast feed their children for months or years. The danger of developing breast cancer is a serious worry to women’s reproductive health which may cause damage to the breasts and lead to infertility. In the example of a woman who has had a mastectomy it may be devastating to have just one breast, but using reconstructive surgery technology, it is now possible to rectify this condition. Some other concerns that are detrimental to women’s reproductive health are when the reproductive system becomes affected by infections such as yeast infections and bacterial vaginosis even though these are treatable conditions. However, pelvic inflammatory disease can cause scarring and even infertility if not detected in time. Those who only know one or two facts about women’s reproductive health can be confused by misleading information. However, this is easily avoidable by active reading and research. In conclusion, women should schedule regular visits to their doctors and keep their health a top priority.
Male infertility refers to the inability of a male to contribute to conception with a fertile female. Infertility has traditionally been thought of as a woman’s problem, but as it turns out, men don’t get off that easily. About one out of every three cases of infertility is due to the man alone,and men are somehow involved in infertility about half the time. A diagnosis of male infertility can be one of the hardest challenges a man can face.For some, it can be devastating. Not being able to father a child can make a man feel like he’s failing at one of his most primal responsibilities. Advances in male infertility treatment offer real help to the males to become fathers. Male infertility is due to low sperm production, misshapen or immobile sperm, or blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm. Hormonal problems, illnesses, injuries, chronic health problems,lifestyle choices and other factors can play a role in causing male infertility. Not being able to conceive a child can be stressful and frustrating, but a number of male infertility treatments are available like surgery, medication,IUI,IVF and ICSI. Lifestyle factors affect fertility. As most lifestyle factors can be modified, providing advice and support in making healthy lifestyle changes can promote fertility. The evidence relating to the effects on fertility of caffeine, alcohol consumption and smoking are discussed here. Recent Male Infertility study suggests some new facts which are must read and interesting for anyone trying to get pregnant or start creating family. A prospective dad must consider his health as important in the journey of parenthood. The biggest cause of infertility in men is abnormal sperm. Sperm can be affected by lifestyle factors such as smoking, drinking alcohol,taking drugs,exposure to chemicals,caffeine consumption and lack of exercise and balanced diet. Asthenozoospermia, the most common semen variable in study, can be an early indicator of reduction in quality of semen. Alcohol abuse apparently targets sperm morphology and sperm production. Smoke-induced toxins primarily hamper sperm motility and seminal fluid quality. Progressive deterioration in semen quality is related to increasing quantity of alcohol intake and cigarettes smoked. Habitual high alcohol intake may affect men’s reproductive health.High male caffeine consumption appears to reduce couples’ chance of achieving a clinical pregnancy. Healthy weight helps to keep your sperm in good condition.You can do this by having a healthy, balanced diet and exercising regularly. Being overweight (having a body mass index or BMI of 25 or higher) may lower the quality and quantity of your sperm. The effect is greater in men who have a BMI of 30 or higher. It takes about three months for your body to complete a cycle of sperm production. So any changes you make to your lifestyle today will take a while to produce improved sperm. If you can commit yourself to a few months of healthy living and eating you’ll be in top shape to father a child. Lifestyle factors and modern technology plays a massive role on sperm production and has played a major role in male infertility. While the impact of modern technology is still murky, lifestyle does matter,researchers say. It is understood that lifestyle factors can affect a man’s fertility, and many of these factors are things that a man can control easily. Leading a healthy lifestyle not only improves your chances of conceiving but also improves overall health. Male infertility due to lifestyle factors is reversible and everyone facing male infertility should give themselves one chance by adopting simple lifestyle changes like quitting smoking, limiting or abstaining from alcohol,steer clear of illegal drugs, exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet, reducing stress level and avoiding exposure to pesticides, heavy metals and other toxins.Apart from the above it has been observed that men fertility is on decline due to the use of mobile phones and laptops. Let’s learn what impact it has on fertility in male. Mobile phones kept in pockets of trousers While how mobile phone damage sperm is not clear, the researchers believe that radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation from the phone disrupts the cycle of sperm production or damages the DNA. The deficiency of the sperm may be caused by the heat either directly from the phone or through the radiation that may affect the sperm. The results were consistent across in vitro studies conducted under controlled conditions and observational in vivo studies conducted on men in the general population. After studying the collected sperm of the cell phone users and non-users, the researchers found that men who regularly used cell phones had higher levels of circulating testosterone, but lower levels of luteinizing hormone, which is a key reproductive hormone that is secreted by the pituitary gland. The researchers’ theory is that the electromagnetic waves that cell phones emit increase the number of testosterone-producing cells, but also lower levels of luteinizing hormone. This, in turn, may negatively impact fertility. Findings showed the more hours’ men talk on their cell phones, the lower the sperm count and the greater the percentage of abnormal sperms would be. While the study found an association between cell phone exposure and male infertility, the study was not designed to determine a cause-and-effect relationship. So whether the mobile phones are kept in men’s trousers or whether they are used by them, it does affect men’s fertility. Use of laptops on the lap Experts have warned Millions of men are putting their reproductive health at risk by balancing their laptops on their knees. There is a direct correlation between laptop use and increased scrotum temperature. Sperm are produced in the testicles, which are in the scrotum. Because the scrotum is located outside of the body, it’s more vulnerable to external heat than a woman’s ovaries are. Research suggests that an increase in scrotal temperature may lower sperm production and possibly affect the ability of the sperm to fertilize an egg. It has been observed that even an increase of 1 degree Celsius in scrotal temperature can affect the production of healthy sperm. That’s why some fertility experts advise men to steer clear of hot tubs,saunas,hot baths,and briefs when they’re trying to get a woman pregnant – they all generate extra heat around the testicles. Experts have suggested that if your laptop feels hot, don’t put it on your lap instead put it on laptop desk or a laptop cooler. The thing that laptop using on your lap harmful is not any sort of radiation – It’s simply the heat it generates. If someone’s genital area is constantly exposed to heat, a number of health problems can arise, including, but not limited to, fungal infections, infertility and even genital cancer. Even barring all the scientific evidence, it simply makes sense that laptops, cell phones and other wireless technology can impact the human body once you understand that your body is bio electric. When you are trying to conceive, it’s always better to play it safe. The researchers who conducted the study recommend that men who want to be fathers should work with their laptop on a desk or table, rather than on their lap and avoid the use of cell phones with Bluetooth devices and avoid keeping it in pockets trousers. When faced with the problem of not conceiving, it is always better to seek the assistance of the doctor. The doctor will help you determine the cause of any fertility problems you may have and at the same time you can discuss the treatments available to increase your chances of conceiving. Your doctor may refer you to a fertility specialist at a fertility clinic. Couples that are having difficulty getting pregnant may benefit from changing some lifestyle habits and taking help of fertility specialist in ascertaining the real cause of infertility.
Dellaporta and Calderon-Urrea (1993) made a list and definition of various terms used to name the ways of sex in flowering plants. This list is reproduced here (taken from Molner, 2004), generalized so as to accommodate not only the plants that have flowers , and expanded to include other terms and clearer definitions. In summary, the organs are considered core givers and receivers male, female. Hermaphroditism in both sexes are manifested together in the same structure in the flower, stamens and carpels, for example. There monoecy when the species has separate male and female organs, the unisexual species is monoecious or dioecious. If the sex of individuals is only male or female, there is dioecious and the unisexual lineage dioica. The species include male individuals, female and hermaphrodite or organs together with the three sexual types on the same individual are called polygamous. ?Hermaphrodite – Reproductive structure that has both male and female equivalent parts (stamens and pistil in angiosperms, also known as a flowerperfect or complete ), another term used is bisexual ?Unisexual – Reproductive structure that is either functionally male or female. In angiosperms this condition is called imperfect or incomplete . Individual Plant ?Hermaphrodite – A plant that has only hermaphrodite reproductive units (flowers, conifer cones, or equivalent functional structures). ?Monoecious – reproductive units possessing monosex (flowers, conifer cones, or equivalent functional structures) of both sexes on the same plant, from the Greek “a house”. Individuals that produce flowers of both sexes at once are called monoecious simultaneous or synchronous. Individuals who have only single-sex flowers at a time are called monoecious consecutive “protoándricos” are the guys who run first as males and then change to female, “protogynous” are the guys who run first as females and then change to male . ?Dioica – has reproductive units monosex (flowers, conifer cones, or equivalent functional structures) that manifest in different individuals, from the Greek “two houses”. ?Because many conifers dioecious have a tendency to be monoecious (ie, a female plant, can sometimes produce a small amount of male cones or vice versa), these species are called subdioicas (McCormick & Andresen, 1963). ?In angiosperm terminology, diclinous (“twin”) includes all species with flowers monosex, particularly those that have only monosex flowers, such as monoecious and dioecious species. ?Ginoicas – only has female reproductive structures, the ground “feminine.” ?Androic – has only male reproductive structures, the ground “masculine.” ?Ginomonoicas – is hermaphrodite and female structures. ?Andromonoecious – is hermaphrodite and male structures. ?Subandroicas – plant has mostly male flowers, with a few female or hermaphrodite flowers. ?Subginoicas – plant has mostly female flowers, with a few male or hermaphrodite flowers. ?Polygamous – structures male, female, and hermaphrodite manifest all on the same floor. Population of plants ?Hermaphrodite – only hermaphrodite plants. ?Monoecious – only monoecious plants. ?Dioecious – only dioecious plants. ?Ginodioicas – are female and hermaphrodite plants present. ?Androdioicas – are present male and hermaphrodite plants. ?Subdioicas – monosex population mainly of plants (dioecious), with a few monoecious individuals. ?Polygamous – plants are male, female, and hermaphrodite in the same population. Some plants use a method called self-incompatibility to ensure genetic diversity within the species. In these plants, the male organs can not fertilize the female parts of the same plant.
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